Cognition / Perception

milliken(Ph.D. - Waterloo)

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour
1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1 - PC-103
PHONE: (905)525-9140, Ext. 27828 LAB: 27156
FAX: (905)-529-6225
EMAIL: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 



The aim of research conducted in our laboratory is to better understand processes that comprise the interface between perception and cognition in humans. Although these two subjects are often taught separately at the undergraduate level, even the simplest of interactions with our environment involve what must be a complex interplay between low level perceptual and higher level cognitive processes. In particular, visual selective attention is the focus of much of the research conducted in our lab.

This work looks at how selection of visual information can be both under the control of the observer, and yet also modulated implicitly by past experience. This fundamental theoretical issue plays itself out across a wide range of experimental scenarios. Currently, we are using several attentional paradigms (e.g. negative priming, inhibition of return) to help us identify mechanisms that allow us to respond preferentially to familiar over novel visual stimuli in some situations, but to novel over familiar visual stimuli in others. 

Crump, M.C., Milliken, B, Leboe-McGowan, J., Leboe-McGowan, L., Gao, X. (2018). Context-dependent control of attention capture: Evidence from proportion congruent effects. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Ortiz-Tudela, J., Milliken, B., Jimenez, J., & Lupianez, J. (2018). Attentional influences on memory formation. A tale of a not-so-simple story. Memory & Cognition. DOI:10.3758/s13421-017-0784-2

Collins, R., Rosner, T., & Milliken, B. (2018). Remembering “primed” words: The effect of prime encoding demands. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Rosner, T.M., Lopez-Benitez, R., D’Angelo, M.C., Thomson, D.R., & Milliken, B. (in press). Remembering “primed” words: A counter-intuitive effect of repetition on recognition memory. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Cochrane, B., Nwabuike, A., Thomson, D.R., & Milliken, B. (2017). A visual imagery induced reversal of prining of pop-out. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition.

MacLellan, E., Shore, D.I., & Milliken, B. (2017). Perceptual similarity induces overinvestment in an attentional blink task. Psychological Research.

Espinosa-Garcia, M., Vaquero, J.M.M., Milliken, B., & Tudela, P. (2017). Recollection and familiarity for words and faces: A study comparing remember-know judgments and the process dissociation procedure. Memory, 25, 19-34. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2015.1120310

Lapointe, M. & Milliken, B. (2017). Conflicting effects of context in change detetion and visual search: A dual process account. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 40-51. doi: 10.1037/cep0000105

Ortiz-Tudela, J., Milliken, B., Botta, F., LaPointe, M., & Lupianez, J. (2017). A cow on the prairie vs a cow on the street: Long-term conseuqences of semantic conflict on episodic encoding. Psychological Research, 81, 1264-1275. doi: 10.1007/s00426-016-0805-y

Crump, M.J.C., Brosowsky, N.P., & Milliken, B. (2016). Reproducing the location-based context-specific proportion congruent effect for frequency unbiased items: A reply to Hutcheon & Spieler (2016). Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70, 1792-1807. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1206130

LaPointe, M.R.P. & Milliken, B. (2016). Semantically incongruent objects attract eye-gaze when viewing scenes for change. Visual Cognition, 24, 63-77. doi: 10.1080/13506285.2016.1185070

D’Angelo, M., Thomson, D., Tipper, S., & Milliken, B. (2016). Negative priming 1985 to 2015: A measure of inhibition, the emergence of alternative accounts, and the multiple process challenge. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 1890-1909. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1173077

MacLellan, E., Shore, D.I., & Milliken, B. (2015). Contextual control over selective
attention: Evidence from a two-target method. Psychological Research, 79, 556-569. doi: 10.1007/s00426-014-0593-1.

Rosner, T.M., D'Angelo, M.C., MacLellan E., & Milliken, B. (2015). Selective attention
and recognition: Effects of congruency on episodic learning. Psychological Research, 79, 411-424. doi: 10.1007/s00426-014-0572-6.

Rosner, T.M., Davis, H., & Milliken, B. (2015). Perceptual blurring and recognition memory: A desirable difficulty effect revealed. Acta Psychologica, 160, 11-22.

Cali, J., Fiacconi, C., & Milliken, B. (2015). A response binding effect in visual short-term memory. Visual Cognition, 23, 489-515.

Rosner, T. & Milliken, B. (2015). Congruency effects on recognition memory: A context effect. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 206-212.

Gough, A., Garcia, J., Torres-Quesada, M., & Milliken, B. (2014). Control of spatial orienting: Context-specific proportion cued effects in an exogenous spatial cueing task. Consciousness & Cognition, 30, 220-233.

Thomson, D.R., Willoughby, K. & Milliken, B. (2014). Implicit learning modulates attention capture: Evidence from an item-specific proportion congruency manipulation. Frontiers in Psychology, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00551.

Torres-Quesada, M., Milliken, B., Lupiáñez, J. & Funes, M.J. (2014). Gradual proportion congruent effects in the absence of sequential congruent effects. Acta Psychologica, 149, 78-86.

Torres-Quesada M, Milliken B, Lupiáñez J, Funes, M.J. (2014). Proportion congruent
effects in the absence of sequential congruency effects. Psicologica, 35, 101-115.

D’Angelo, M.C., Milliken, B., Jiménez, L. & Lupiáñez, J. (2014). Re-examining the role of context in implicit sequence learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 27, 172-193.

Shedden, J., Milliken, B., Watter, S. & Monteiro, S. (2013). Event-related potentials as
brain correlates of item specific proportion congruent effects. Consciousness & Cognition, 22, 1442-1456.

Lapointe, M., Lupiáñez, J. & Milliken, B. (2013). Context congruency effects in change detection: Opposing effects on detection and identification. Visual Cognition, 21, 99-122.

Thomson, D. & D’Ascenzo, M. & Milliken, B. (2013). Learning what to expect: Context-specific control over intertribal priming effects in singleton search. Memory & Cognition, 41,533-546.

Spadaro, A. & Milliken, B. (2013). Subjective expectancy and inhibition of return: A dissociation in a non-spatial two-alternative forced choice task. Psicologica, 34, 199-219.

Fiacconi, C. & Milliken, B. (2013). Visual memory for feature bindings: The disruptive effect of responding to new perceptual input. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 1572-1600. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2012.753925.

D’Angelo, M.C., Milliken, B., Jiménez, L. & Lupiáñez, J. (2013). Implementing flexibility in automaticity: Evidence from context-specific implicit sequence learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 22, 64-81.

D’Angelo, M., Jimenez, L., Milliken, B., & Lupiáñez, J. (2013). On the specificity of sequential congruency effects in implicit learning of motor and perceptual sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 39, 69-84.

Thomson, D.R. & Milliken, B. (2013). Contextual distinctiveness produces long-lasting priming of popout. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 39, 202-215.

Cañadas, E., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Milliken, B. & Lupiáñez, J. (2013). Social categories as a context for the allocation of attentional control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142, 934-943. doi: 10.1037/a0029794.

Thomson, D. & Milliken, B. (2012). Revisiting the time course of inter-trial feature priming in singleton search. Psychological Research, 77, 637-650. doi: 10.1007/s00426-012-0455-7.

Fiacconi, C. & Milliken, B. (2012). Contingency blindness: Location-idenitty binding mismatches abscure awareness of spatial contingencies and produce profound interference in visual working memory. Memory & Cognition, 40, 932-945.

Sarmiento, B.R., Shore, D.I., Milliken, B. & Sanabria, D. (2012). Audiovisual interactions depend on context of congruency. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 74, 563-574.

Thomson, D. & Milliken, B. (2012). Perceptual distinctiveness produces long-lasting priming of popout. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 19, 170-176.

D’Angelo, M. & Milliken, B. (2012). Context-specific control and the single prime negative priming procedure. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 65, 887-910.

Spadaro, A., He, C. & Milliken, B. (2012). Response to an intervening event reverses non-spatial repetition effects in 2-AFC tasks: Non-spatial IOR? Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 74, 331-349.

Milliken, B., Thomson, D., Bleile, K., MacLellan, E. & Giammarco, M. (2012). Context-specific control and the Stroop negative priming effect. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 1430-1448.

Contact Department

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour (PNB)
Psychology Building (PC), Room 102
McMaster University
1280 Main Street West
Hamilton Ontario L8S 4K1