Altaf Arain
Altaf Arain
Professor, Director: McMaster Centre for Climate Change
General Science Building, Rm 214
(905) 525-9140 ext. 27941
(905) 546-0463

Ph.D Student Opportunity in Ecosystem Modelling

Dr. M. Altaf Arain is a Professor in the School of Geography and Earth Sciences at McMaster University and the founding Director of the McMaster Centre for Climate Change. Dr. Arain holds a Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering and completed his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Hydrology at the University of Arizona. He has extensively studied forest ecosystems and their restoration using field measurements and ecosystem and hydrologic models. Dr Arain has established Turkey Point Observatory comprising four flux tower stations in Southern Ontario to examine the impacts of climate change and extreme weather events on different-age and different species forest ecosystems. Turkey Point Observatory is part of Global Water Futures (GWF), global Fluxnet, Canadian FloodNet and North American Carbon Program. Dr. Arain has been involved in the development of the coupled Canadian Land Surface Scheme and the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CLASS-CTEM), used in the Canadian Earth System Model (CanESM) for climate predictions. He has also focused on investigating the effects of air pollution and electric mobility adoption on the environment and human health in urban areas in Canada.

Hydrometeorology; Climatology; Biometeorology; Ecohydrology; Water Resources; Evapotranspiration; Forest Carbon Cycle; Ecosystem restoration; Land surface-atmosphere intercation models; Hydrologic models; Global climate models; Air pollution and health.

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Click Here for Full Publication List

Chan, F.C.C. Arain, M.A. Khomik, M. Brodeur, J.J. Peichl, M. Restrepo-Coupe, N. Thorne, R. Beamesderfer, E. McKenzie, S. Xu, B. Croft, H., Pejam M., Trant J., Kula M., Skubel R., 2018. Carbon, water and energy exchange dynamics of a young pine plantation forest during the initial fourteen years of growth. Forest Ecology and Management, 410:12–26. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2017.12.024.

Campioli, M., Y. Malhi, S. Vicca, S. Luyssaert, D. Papale, J. Penuelas, M. Reichstein, M. Migliavacca, M. A. Arain, and I. A. Janssens. 2016. Evaluating the convergence between eddy-covariance and biometric methods for assessing carbon budgets of forests. Nature Communications 7: 13717. doi:10.1038/ncomms13717.

Skubel, R. A., Khomik, M., Brodeur, J. J., Thorne, R., and Arain, M. A., 2017. Short-term selective thinning effects on hydraulic functionality of a temperate pine forest in eastern Canada. Ecohydrology. 10(1): e1780. doi:10.1002/eco.1780.

Wazneh H., Arain M.A., Coulibaly P, 2017. Historical spatial and temporal climate trends in southern Ontario, Canada. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56(10): 2767-2787. DOI:10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0290.

Weeberb J. Requia, Matthew D. Adams, Altaf Arain, Petros Koutrakis, Mark Ferguson (2017). Carbon dioxide emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: A life-cycle analysis in eight Canadians cities. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 78:1390-1396. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.105.

Huang S., Bartlett P., Arain M.A. , 2016. Assessing nitrogen controls on carbon, water and energy exchanges in major plant functional types across North America using a carbon and nitrogen coupled ecosystem model. Ecological Modelling 323 (2016) 12-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.11.020 .

Chen B., Arain M.A , Chen J.M., Croft H., Grant R.F., Kurz W.A., Bernier P., Guindon L., Price D., Wang Z., 2016. Evaluating the impacts of climate variability and cutting and insect defoliation on the historical carbon dynamics of a boreal black spruce forest landscape in eastern Canada. Ecological Modelling, 321(10): 98-109. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.11.011.

Verma M., M.A. Friedl, B.E. Law, D. Bonal, G. Kiely, T.A. Black, G. Wohlfahrt, E.J. Moors, L. Montagnani, B. Marcolla, P. Toscano, A. Varlagin, O. Roupsard, A. Cescatti, M.A. Arain , P. D'Odoricos. 2015. Improving the performance of remote sensing models for capturing intra- and inter-annual variations in daily GPP: An analysis using global FLUXNET tower data Improving the performance of remote sensing models for capturing intra- and inter-annual variations in daily GPP: An analysis using global FLUXNET tower data. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 214-215: 416-429.

Skubel, R., Arain, M. A. , Peichl, M., Brodeur, J. J., Khomik, M., Thorne, R., Trant, J., and Kula, M., 2015. Age effects on the water-use efficiency and water-use dynamics of temperate pine plantation forests. Hydrological Processes. 29(18): 4100-4113. doi: 10.1002/hyp.10549.

Thorne R., and Arain M.A ., 2015. Influence of Low Frequency Variability on Climate and Carbon Fluxes in a Temperate Pine Forest in Eastern Canada. Forests, 6(8): 2762-2784; doi:10.3390/f6082762.

Mao J., Fu W., Shi X., Ricciuto D.M., Fisher J.B., Dickinson R.E., Wei Y., Shem W., Piao S., Wang K., Schwalm C.R., Tian H., Mu M, Arain A ., Ciais P., Cook R., Dai Y., Hayes D., Hoffman F.M., Huang M., Huang S., Huntzinger D.N., Ito A., Jain A., King A.W., Lei H., Lu C., Michalak A.M., Parazoo N., Peng C., Peng S., Poulter B., Schaefer K., Jafarov E., Thornton P.E., Wang W., Zeng N., Zeng Z., Zhao F., Zhu Q., Zhu Z., 2015. Disentangling climatic and anthropogenic controls on global terrestrial evapotranspiration trends. Environmental Research Letters, 10: 094008.

Xia, J., S. Niu, P. Ciais, I. A. Janssens, J. Chen, C. Ammann, A. Arain , P. D. Blanken, A. Cescatti, D. Bonal, N. Buchmann, P. S. Curtis, S. Chen, J. Dong, L. B. Flanagan, C. Frankenberg, T. Georgiadis, C. M. Gough, D. Hui, G. Kiely, J. Li, M. Lund, V. Magliulo, B. Marcolla, L. Merbold, L. Montagnani, E. J. Moors, J. E. Olesen, S. Piao, A. Raschi, O. Roupsard, A. E. Suyker, M. Urbaniak, F. P. Vaccari, A. Varlagin, T. Vesala, M. Wilkinson, E. Weng, G. Wohlfahrt, L. Yan, and Y. Luo. 2015. Joint control of terrestrial gross primary productivity by plant phenology and physiology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112:2788-2793.

Huntzinger, D.N., C.R. Schwalm, Y. Wei, R.B. Cook, A.M. Michalak, K. Schaefer, A.R. Jacobson, M.A. Arain , P. Ciais, J.B. Fisher, D.J. Hayes, M. Huang, S. Huang, A. Ito, A.K. Jain, H. Lei, C. Lu, F. Maignan, J. Mao, N. Parazoo, C. Peng, S. Peng, B. Poulter, D.M. Ricciuto, H. Tian, Xiaoying Shi, W. Wang, N. Zeng, F. Zhao, and Q. Zhu (2015). NACP MsTMIP: Global 0.5-deg Terrestrial Biosphere Model Outputs (version 1) in Standard Format. Data set. Available on-line [ http://daac.ornl.gov ] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. DOI: 10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1225.

Yuan, W.P., S.L. Liu, W.C. Cai, W.D. Dong, J. Chen, A. Arain , P.B. Blanken, A.C. Cescatti, W.G. Georg, T.G. Georgiadis, L.G. Genesio, D.G. Gianelle, A.G. Grelle, G.K. Kiely, A.K. Knohl, D.L. Liu, M.M. Marek, L.M. Merbold, L.M. Montagnani, O.P. Panferov, M.P. Peltoniemi, S.R. Rambal, A.R. Raschi, A.V. Varlagin, and J.X. Xia. 2014. Vegetation-specific model parameters are not required for estimating gross primary production? Ecological Modeling, 292(24): 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.08.017

Yuan W.P., Cai W., Xia, J., Chen J., Liu S., Dong W., Merbold L., Law B., Arain A. , Beringer J., Bernhofer J., Black A., Blanken P.D., Cescatti A., Chen Y., Francois L., Gianelle D., Janssen I.A., Jung M., Kato T, Kiely G., Liu D., Marcolla B., Montagnani L., Raschi A., Roupsard O., Varlagin A., Wohlfahrt G., 2014. Global comparison of light use efficiency models for simulatingterrestrial vegetation gross primary production based on the LaThuiledatabase.
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 192-193 (2014) 108-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.03.007

He L., Chen J.M, Liu J., Mo G., Belair S., Zheng T., Wang R., Chen B., Croft H., Arain M.A ., and Barr A.G., 2014. Optimization of water uptake and photosynthetic parameters in an ecosystem model using tower flux data. Ecological Modelling 294: 94-104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.09.019

Xiao, J., S. V. Ollinger, S. Frolking, G. C. Hurtt, D. Y. Hollinger, K. J. Davis, Y. Pan, X. Zhang, F. Deng, J. Chen, D. D. Baldocchi, B. E. Law, M. A. Arain , A. R. Desai, A. D. Richardson, G. Sun, B. Amiro, H. Margolis, L. Gu, R. L. Scott, P. D. Blanken, and A. E. Suyker. 2014. Data-driven diagnostics of terrestrial carbon dynamics over North America. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 197:142-157.

Kasurinen, V.; Alfredsen, K.; Kolari, P.; Mammarella, I.; Alekseychik, P.; Rinne, J.; Vesala, T.; Bernier, P.; Boike, J.; Langer, M.; Marchesini, L.B.; van Huissteden, K.; Dolman, H.; Sachs, T.; Ohta, T.; Varlagin, A.; Rocha, A.; Arain, A .; Oechel, W.; Lund, M.; Grelle, A.; Lindroth, A.; Black, A.; Aurela, M.; Laurila, T.; Lohila, A.; Berninger, F., 2014. Latent heat exchange in the boreal and arctic biomes. Global Change Biology, 20(11), 3439-3456.

Peichl M., Arain A. M. , Moore T. R., Brodeur J. J., Khomik M., Ullah S., Restrepo-Coup N., McLaren J., and Pejam M. R., 2014. Carbon and greenhouse gas balances in an age sequence of temperate pine plantations. Biogeosciences, 11: 1-12, 2014. doi:10.5194/bg- 11-1-2014.

Camino-Serrano M., Gielen B., Luyssaert S., Ciais P., Vicca S.,Guenet B., De Vos B., Cools N., Ahrens B., Arain M.A. , Borken W., Clarke N., Clarkson B., Cummins T., Don A., Pannatier E.G., Laudon H., Moore T., Nieminen T.M, Nilsson M.B., Peichl M., Schwendenmann L., Siemens J., and Janssens I., 2014. Linking variability in soil solution dissolved organic carbon to climate, soil type, and vegetation type. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25(5): 497-509.

MacKay S.L., Arain M.A., Khomik M., Brodeur J.J., Schumacher J., Hartmann H., and Peichl M., 2012. The impact of induced drought on transpiration and growth in a temperate pine plantation forest. Hydrological Processes. 26(12), 1779-1791. doi: 10.1002/hyp.9315.

Mahecha M.D., Reichstein M., Carvalhais N., Lasslop G., Lange H., Seneviratne S.I., Vargas R., Ammann C., Arain M.A., Cescatti A., Janssens I.A., Migliavacca M., Montagnani L., Richardson A.D., 2011. Response to comment on “Global cnvergence in the temperature sensitivity of respiration at ecosystem level. Science 331, 1265. doi: 10.1126/science.1197033.

Beer C., Reichstein M., Tomelleri E., Ciais P., Jung M., Carvalhais N., Rodenbeck C., Arain M.A., Baldocchi D., Bonan G.B., Bondeau A., Cescatti A., Lasslop G., Lindroth L., Lomas M., Luyssaert S., Margolis H., Oleson K.W., Roupsard O., Veenendaal E., Viovy N., Williams C., Woodward F.I., Papale D., 2010. Terrestrial gross carbon dioxide uptake: Global distribution and co-variation with climate. Science, 329, 834, DOI: 10.1126/science.1184984.

 Khomik M., Arain M.A., Brodeur J.J., Peichl M., Restrepo-Coupé N., McLaren J.D., 2010. Relative contribution of soil, foliar and woody tissue respiration to total ecosystem respiration in four pine forests of different ages. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 115, G03024, doi:10.1029/2009JG001089.

 Peichl M., Brodeur J.J., Khomik M., Arain M.A., 2010a. Biometric and eddy-covariance based estimates of carbon fluxes in an age-sequence of temperate pine forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,150:952-965, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.03.002

 Peichl M., Arain M.A.,  Brodeur J.J., 2010b. Age effects on carbon fluxes in temperate pine forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 150: 1090–1101, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2010.04.008.


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1.                  Mahecha M.D., Reichstein M., Carvalhais N., Lasslop G., Lange H., Seneviratne S.I., Vargas R., Ammann C., Arain M.A., Cescatti A.,  Janssens I.A., Migliavacca M., Montagnani L., Richardson A.D., 2011. Response to comment on “Global cnvergence in the temperature sensitivity of respiration at ecosystem level. Science 331, 1265. doi: 10.1126/science.1197033.

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