Audrey Hicks
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Professor Emeritus
My research focus is on exercise rehabilitation, with a specific application to people with mobility impairments resulting from either spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. I am interested in examining the assorted health and rehabilitative benefits of engaging in regular exercise, as well as developing best practice physical activity guidelines for special populations. At a more basic level, I also study characteristics of muscle, fatigue properties, and activation at the neuromuscular level.

Exercise Rehabilitation; Neurological Impairments; Muscle; Fatigue

Recent Publications


  1. Mcleod, J, Ward, S, and Hicks, AL (2017). Evaluation of the Keeogo Dermoskeleton. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. DOI: 10.1080/17483107.2017.1396624.
  2. Van der Scheer JW, Martin Ginis KA, Ditor DS, Goosey-Tolfrey VL, Hicks AL, West CR, Wolfe DL. (2017). Effects of exercise on fitness and health in adults with spinal cord injury: A systematic review. Neurology. 89(7):736-745.
  3. Martin Ginis, K, van der Scheer, J, Latimer-Cheung, AE, Barrow, A, Bourne, C, et. al. (2017) Evidence-Based Scientific Exercise Guidelines for Adults with Spinal Cord Injury: An Update and a New Guideline. Spinal Cord, doi: 10.1038/s41393-017-0017-3. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Gauthier, C, Arel, J, Brosseau, R, Hicks, AL, Gagnon, D. (2017) Reliability and minimal detectable change of a new treadmill-based progressive workload incremental test to measure cardiorespiratory fitness in manual wheelchair users. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 40(6): 759-767.
  5. Pilutti, LA, Paulseth, JE, Dove, C, Jiang, S, Rathbone, MP and Hicks, AL. Exercise training in progressive multiple sclerosis: A comparison of recumbent stepping with body weight supported treadmill training (2016). International Journal of MS Care. 18(5): 221-229.
  6. Caprariello AV, Kornfeld SF, Othonos KM, Hicks A. Exercise to manage MS fatigue: counterintuitive yet effective. Caprariello AV, Kornfeld SF, Othonos KM, Hicks A. Exercise to manage MS fatigue: counterintuitive yet effective. Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. 27: 259-274, 2015.. 27: 259-274, 2015.
Degree University Year
PhD McMaster University 1988
MSc McMaster University 1983
BPE McMaster University 1981
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McMaster University - Faculty of Science | Kinesiology