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Audrey Hicks
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905 525 9140 ext. 24643
My research focus is on exercise rehabilitation, with a specific application to people with mobility impairments resulting from either spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. I am interested in examining the assorted health and rehabilitative benefits of engaging in regular exercise, as well as developing best practice physical activity guidelines for special populations. At a more basic level, I also study characteristics of muscle, fatigue properties, and activation at the neuromuscular level.

Exercise Rehabilitation; Neurological Impairments; Muscle; Fatigue


Course Code
  Course Name
KINESIOL 2C03   Neuromuscular Exercise Physiology


Course Code
  Course Name
KIN 709   Neuromuscular Function in Aging and Disease

Recent Publications


  1. Mcleod, J, Ward, S, and Hicks, AL (2017). Evaluation of the Keeogo Dermoskeleton. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. DOI: 10.1080/17483107.2017.1396624.
  2. Van der Scheer JW, Martin Ginis KA, Ditor DS, Goosey-Tolfrey VL, Hicks AL, West CR, Wolfe DL. (2017). Effects of exercise on fitness and health in adults with spinal cord injury: A systematic review. Neurology. 89(7):736-745.
  3. Martin Ginis, K, van der Scheer, J, Latimer-Cheung, AE, Barrow, A, Bourne, C, et. al. (2017) Evidence-Based Scientific Exercise Guidelines for Adults with Spinal Cord Injury: An Update and a New Guideline. Spinal Cord, doi: 10.1038/s41393-017-0017-3. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Gauthier, C, Arel, J, Brosseau, R, Hicks, AL, Gagnon, D. (2017) Reliability and minimal detectable change of a new treadmill-based progressive workload incremental test to measure cardiorespiratory fitness in manual wheelchair users. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 40(6): 759-767.
  5. Pilutti, LA, Paulseth, JE, Dove, C, Jiang, S, Rathbone, MP and Hicks, AL. Exercise training in progressive multiple sclerosis: A comparison of recumbent stepping with body weight supported treadmill training (2016). International Journal of MS Care. 18(5): 221-229.
  6. Caprariello AV, Kornfeld SF, Othonos KM, Hicks A. Exercise to manage MS fatigue: counterintuitive yet effective. Caprariello AV, Kornfeld SF, Othonos KM, Hicks A. Exercise to manage MS fatigue: counterintuitive yet effective. Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. 27: 259-274, 2015.. 27: 259-274, 2015.
Degree University Year
PhD McMaster University 1988
MSc McMaster University 1983
BPE McMaster University 1981
Degree Name
MSc Jin Li (Ivy) XIONG
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McMaster University - Faculty of Science | Kinesiology