Six graduate students, four from the Faculty of Science, have been awarded fellowships from McMaster’s MacData Institute
. The Fellows will be working with McMaster faculty on projects that apply data analysis, collection and curation methodologies to a number of areas of research. Projects range from harnessing data to inform earlier diagnosis of brain tumours to analyzing data to better understand infectious disease epidemics.
Paul McNicholas, Mathematics & Statistics and Director of the MacData Institute, explains the program is designed to bring together talented graduate students with expertise in data science and McMaster faculty from a range of disciplines. The program provides funding for fellows to work on a multidisciplinary project involving two or more Faculties. The work will lead to new insights or innovations in a number of research areas, says McNicholas. It also gives students practical experience, and promotes knowledge exchange related to data science across Faculties.
MacData is also looking for new members. The Institute circulated a call for new members in December. Open to all faculty and librarians, it remains open until the end of February. Interested faculty and librarians can join here
Cliff Burgess, Physics & Astronomy, has won a second Buchalter Cosmology Prize, placing third for the second time in two years. Working with Physics & Astronomy Ph.D. candidate, Peter Hayman, and collaborators from the University of Illinois, CERN, and the Niels Bohr Institute, the group was recognized for their paper, “Magnon Inflation: Slow Roll With Deep Potentials”. Burgess and Hayman are also both associated with the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo.
The judging committee recognized the 2017 work as “an insightful and systematic treatment of the effective field theory of multiple scalar fields leading to inflationary dynamics dominated by terms with a single time derivative, breaking Lorentz invariance and revealing novel ways to satisfy the relevant slow roll condition.”
Established in 2014, the Buchalter Cosmology Prize recognizes “new ideas or discoveries that have the potential to produce a breakthrough advance in our understanding of the origin, structure, and evolution of the universe”. Burgess won third prize for his paper, “EFT Beyond the Horizon: Stochastic Inflation and How Primordial Quantum Fluctuations Go Classical” in 2016.
Altaf Arain, School of Geography & Earth Sciences recently received $500,000 from Global Water Futures to investigate how forest ecosystems in southeastern Canada function and respond to climate change and extreme weather conditions such as droughts. Arain, who is also the Director of the McMaster Centre for Climate Change
, explains that extensive land use changes, agricultural activities and forest harvesting in the Great Lakes region are putting pressure on water resources. More frequent extreme weather events and climate change will add to this pressure.
The project will help guide municipalities and conservation authorities in developing watershed management strategies to account the effects of shifts in land use and climate change. The work will also help improve how Canadian models forecast the effects of climate.
Global Water Futures, the largest university-led water research program in the world, aims to make Canada a global leader in water science for the world’s cold regions. It is funded in part by a $77.8 million grant from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund, and is dedicated to finding solutions to risks posed by the effects of climate change.
In December, Toby Brown, Post Doctorate Fellow, Physics & Astronomy, wrote about Canada’s ability and obligation to support scientific endeavours. His article, “Canada must make science great again,” appeared on The Conversation
and in The National Post.
Brown argues for the importance of science and the need to support research as it is key to a healthy and prosperous society. As he says: “It is hard to exaggerate the benefits that growth in the knowledge economy has on a society. Education and research are key drivers of innovation and prosperity while simultaneously making economies more efficient and mobile. The result is that, despite President Trump’s assertions, the societies who invest in science are the ones with the highest living standards, the best environmental protection and the strongest economy.”